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Title: Pluridisciplinary analysis and multi-archive reconstruction of paleofloods: societal demand, challenges and progress
Author: Schulte, Lothar, 1967-
Schillereff, Daniel
Santisteban, Juan I.
Keywords: Inundacions
Sediments fluvials
Canvis climàtics
Fonts històriques
River sediments
Climatic changes
History sources
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Floods are one of the gravest natural hazards for societies, worsened by population growth, unchecked development, and climate change. From a Global Change perspective, past extreme events merit particular interest because they can be linked to wider climate and environmental changes, introduce perturbations. During the last decade, knowledge of long-term flood frequency and magnitude has been improved by extracting data from different types of archive. But, despite advances in dating methods, proxies and statistical techniques and efforts to identify atmospheric drivers, some fundamental questions remain unresolved. The Special Issue entitled "Pluridisciplinary analysis and multi-archive reconstruction of paleofloods" in the journal Global and Planetary Change addresses these uncertainties and complexities by assembling a selection of studies, which were first presented at the Past Climate Changes (PAGES) Open Scientific Meeting held at Zaragoza in 2017. In this introductory paper, the guest editors outline the 17 research contributions and meta-data from the 17 paleoflood studies were systematically analyzed in terms of i) geographical distribution; ii) methodologies applied; iii) types of archives; iii) numbers of flood series compiled and iv) spatial and temporal resolution of paleoflood data. The data indicate that paleoflood studies focused on fluvial depositional environments show a higher rate of integration with other types of paleoflood archive (mean of 4.5 types of archive) than studies focused on documentary sources (mean of 3.5) and lake sediments (mean of 2.4). We suggest that this strategy of archive integration has been adapted to effectively compensate for the higher uncertainties of fluvial deposition in floodplains.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Global and Planetary Change, 2019, vol. 177, p. 225-238
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ISSN: 0921-8181
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Geografia)

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