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Title: Bose-Einstein graviton condensate in a Schwarzschild black hole
Author: Alfaro, Jorge
Espriu, D. (Domènec)
Gabbanelli, Luciano
Keywords: Condensació de Bose-Einstein
Forats negres (Astronomia)
Bose-Einstein condensation
Black holes (Astronomy)
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Physics (IOP)
Abstract: We analyze in detail a previous proposal by Dvali and Gómez that black holes could be treated as consisting of a Bose-Einstein condensate of gravitons. In order to do so we extend the Einstein-Hilbert action with a chemical potential-like term, thus placing ourselves in a grand-canonical ensemble. The form and characteristics of this chemical potential-like piece are discussed in some detail. We argue that the resulting equations of motion derived from the action could be interpreted as the Gross-Pitaevskii equation describing a graviton Bose-Einstein condensate trapped by the black hole gravitational field. After this, we proceed to expand the ensuring equations of motion up to second order around the classical Schwarzschild metric so that some non-linear terms in the metric fluctuation are kept. Next we search for solutions and, modulo some very plausible assumptions, we find out that the condensate vanishes outside the horizon but is non-zero in its interior. Inspired by a linearized approximation around the horizon we are able to find an exact solution for the mean-field wave function describing the graviton Bose-Einstein condensate in the black hole interior. After this, we can rederive some of the relations involving the number of gravitons N and the black hole characteristics along the lines suggested by Dvali and Gómez.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Classical and Quantum Gravity, 2018, vol. 35, num. 1
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ISSN: 0264-9381
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB))
Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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