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Title: Towards non-invasive methods in measuring fish welfare: the measurement of cortisol concentrations in fish skin mucus as a biomarker of habitat quality
Author: Carbajal, Annaïs
Soler, Patricia
Tallo-Parra, Oriol
Isasa, Marina
Echevarria, Carlos
López Béjar, Manel
Vinyoles Cartanyà, Dolors
Keywords: Peixos
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Cortisol levels in fish skin mucus have shown to be good stress indicators in farm fish exposed to different stressors. Its applicability in free-ranging animals subject to long-term environmental stressors though remains to be explored. The present study was therefore designed to examine whether skin mucus cortisol levels from a wild freshwater fish (Catalan chub, Squalius laietanus) are affected by the habitat quality. Several well-established hematological parameters and cortisol concentrations were measured in blood and compared to variations in skin mucus cortisol values across three habitats with different pollution gradient. Fluctuations of cortisol in skin mucus varied across the streams of differing habitat quality, following a similar pattern of response to that detected by the assessment of cortisol levels in blood and the hematological parameters. Furthermore, there was a close relationship between cortisol concentrations in skin mucus and several of the erythrocytic alterations and the relative proportion of neutrophils to lymphocytes. Taken together, results of this study provide the first evidence that skin mucus cortisol levels could be influenced by habitat quality. Although results should be interpreted with caution, because a mall sample size was collected in one studied habitat, the measurement of cortisol in skin mucus could be potentially used as a biomarker in freshwater fish.
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It is part of: Animals, 2019, vol. 9, num. 11, p. 939
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ISSN: 2076-2615
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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