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Title: The Effects of Vegetarian and Vegan Diet during Pregnancy on the Health of Mothers and Offspring
Author: Sebastiani, Giorgia
Herranz-Barbero, Ana
Borrás-Novell, Cristina
Alsina Casanova, Miguel M.
Aldecoa-Bilbao, Victoria
Andreu-Fernández, Vicente
Pascual Tutusaus, Mireia
Ferrero Martínez, Silvia
Gómez Roig, Ma. Dolores
García-Algar, Oscar
Keywords: Vegetarianisme
Oligoelements en la nutrició
Pregnant women
Trace elements in nutrition
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Vegetarian and vegan diets have increased worldwide in the last decades, according to the knowledge that they might prevent coronary heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Althought plant-based diets are at risk of nutritional deficiencies such as proteins, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, omega-3, and vitamin B12, the available evidence shows that well planned vegetarian and vegan diets may be considered safe during pregnancy and lactation, but they require a strong awareness for a balanced intake of key nutrients. A review of the scientific literature in this field was performed, focusing specifically on observational studies in humans, in order to investigate protective effects elicited by maternal diets enriched in plant-derived foods and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development. A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, num. 3, p. 557
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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