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Title: Responses of a native and a recent invader snail to warming and dry conditions: the case of the lower Ebro River
Author: Lopez-van Oosterom, M. V.
Casas-Ruiz, J. P.
Gampe, D.
López-Robles, M. A.
Ludwig, R.
Núñez-Marce, A.
Muñoz Gràcia, Isabel
Keywords: Mol·luscs
Ebre (Espanya : Curs d'aigua)
Ebro River (Spain)
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2019
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Aquatic habitats have been highly modified by human actions that reduce their native diversity and create conditions suitable for tolerant alien species. Pomacea maculata was detected in 2009 in both the alluvial plain and the final stretch of the Ebro River. Since then, a permanent population has stabilized in the littoral area of the river where the water level fluctuates according to the river discharge. Melanopsis tricarinata is an endemic snail species highly affected by the reduction in its natural habitat. Currently, the two species do not share the same reaches in the river, but the possibility exists, as the distribution of the P. maculata is constantly increasing. This study aims to analyse the diets and to assess the responses of both snails to global change. The diet of both species was analysed in the field and their responses to water warming and dryness compared under laboratory conditions. This study includes the calculation of future river water temperatures based on air temperature projections. In addition, based on water discharge management scenarios, the study estimated the increase in dry river bed area. The diet of both snail species was similar and based on Cladophora. P. maculata better resisted high temperatures and dry conditions than M. tricarinata. The projections of water temperatures showed an increase in daily temperatures, especially in summer. The hydraulic model suggested that a relevant increase in dry river bed areas will occur. Overall, these results provide insight into the global change factors that could favour P. maculata spread in the river and the reduction in suitable habitat for M. tricarinata and will be useful for future decisions of water discharge management.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Aquatic Ecology, 2019, vol. 53, num. 3, p. 497-508
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ISSN: 1386-2588
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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