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Title: Photodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils under a climate change base scenario
Author: Marques, Montse
Mari, Montse
Audí Miró, Carme
Sierra, J. (Jordi)
Soler i Gil, Albert
Nadal, Martí
Domingo, José L.
Keywords: Hidrocarburs aromàtics policíclics
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Soil science
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2016
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: The photodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in two typical Mediterranean soils, either coarse- or fine-textured, was here investigated. Soil samples, spiked with the 16 US EPA priority PAHs, were incubated in a climate chamber at stable conditions of temperature (20 degrees C) and light (9.6 W m(-2)) for 28 days, simulating a climate change base scenario. PAH concentrations in soils were analyzed throughout the experiment, and correlated with data obtained by means of Microtox (R) ecotoxicity test. Photodegradation was found to be dependent on exposure time, molecular weight of each hydrocarbon, and soil texture. Fine-textured soil was able to enhance sorption, being PAHs more photodegraded than in coarse-textured soil. According to the EC50 values reported by Microtox (R), a higher detoxification was observed in fine-textured soil, being correlated with the outcomes of the analytical study. Significant photodegradation rates were detected for a number of PAHs, namely phenanthrene, anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, and indeno(123-cd)pyrene. Benzo(a)pyrene, commonly used as an indicator for PAH pollution, was completely removed after 7 days of light exposure. In addition to the PAH chemical analysis and the ecotoxicity tests, a hydrogen isotope analysis of benzo(a)pyrene was also carried out. The degradation of this specific compound was associated to a high enrichment in H-2, obtaining a maximum delta H-2 isotopic shift of +232 parts per thousand. This strong isotopic effect observed in benzo(a) pyrene suggests that compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) may be a powerful tool to monitor in situ degradation of PAHs. Moreover, hydrogen isotopes of benzo(a)pyrene evidenced a degradation process of unknown origin occurring in the darkness. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Chemosphere, 2016, vol. 148, p. 495-503
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ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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