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Title: Item response theory analysis applied to the Spanish version of the Personal Outcomes Scale
Author: Guàrdia Olmos, Joan
Carbó i Carreté, Maria de les Salines
Peró, Maribel
Giné Giné, Climent, 1948-
Keywords: Qualitat de vida
Discapacitats mentals
Quality of life
People with mental disabilities
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2017
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Abstract: BackgroundThe study of measurements of quality of life (QoL) is one of the great challenges of modern psychology and psychometric approaches. This issue has greater importance when examining QoL in populations that were historically treated on the basis of their deficiency, and recently, the focus has shifted to what each person values and desires in their life, as in cases of people with intellectual disability (ID). Many studies of QoL scales applied in this area have attempted to improve the validity and reliability of their components by incorporating various sources of information to achieve consistency in the data obtained. The adaptation of the Personal Outcomes Scale (POS) in Spanish has shown excellent psychometric attributes, and its administration has three sources of information: self-assessment, practitioner and family. The study of possible congruence or incongruence of observed distributions of each item between sources is therefore essential to ensure a correct interpretation of the measure. The aim of this paper was to analyse the observed distribution of items and dimensions from the three Spanish POS information sources cited earlier, using the item response theory.MethodWe studied a sample of 529 people with ID and their respective practitioners and family member, and in each case, we analysed items and factors using Samejima's model of polytomic ordinal scales.ResultsThe results indicated an important number of items with differential effects regarding sources, and in some cases, they indicated significant differences in the distribution of items, factors and sources of information.ConclusionsAs a result of this analysis, we must affirm that the administration of the POS, considering three sources of information, was adequate overall, but a correct interpretation of the results requires that it obtain much more information to consider, as well as some specific items in specific dimensions. The overall ratings, if these comments are considered, could result in bias.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2017, vol. 61, num. 11, p. 1021-1033
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ISSN: 0964-2633
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Neurociències (UBNeuro))
Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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