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Title: Dietary Supplementation with Spray-Dried Porcine Plasma Attenuates Colon Inflammation in a Genetic Mouse Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Author: Miró Martí, Ma. Lluïsa
Amat, Concepció
Rosell-Cardona, Cristina
Campbell, Joy M.
Polo Pozo, Francisco Javier
Pérez Bosque, Anna
Moretó, Miquel, 1950-
Keywords: Colitis
Experimentació animal
Malalties inflamatòries intestinals
Animal experimentation
Inflammatory bowel diseases
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Dietary supplementation with spray-dried porcine plasma (SDP) can modulate the immune response of gut-associated lymphoid tissue. SDP supplementation reduces acute mucosal inflammation, as well as chronic inflammation associated with aging. The aim of this study was to analyze if SDP supplementation could ameliorate colitis in a genetic mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Wild-type mice and Mdr1a knockout (KO) mice were administered a control diet or an SDP-supplemented diet from day 21 (weaning) until day 56. The histopathological index, epithelial barrier, and intestinal immune system were analyzed in the colonic mucosa. KO mice had higher epithelial permeability, increased Muc1 and Muc4 expression, and lower abundance of E-cadherin and Muc2 (all p < 0.001). SDP prevented these effects (all p < 0.05) and decreased the colonic inflammation observed in KO mice, reducing neutrophil and monocyte infiltration and activation and the percentage of activated T helper lymphocytes in the colonic mucosa (all p < 0.05). SDP also diminished proinflammatory cytokine expression and increased the anti-inflammatory IL-10 concentration in the colonic mucosa (all p < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation with SDP enhances colon barrier function and reduces mucosal inflammation in a mouse model of IBD.
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It is part of: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, vol. 21, num. 18, p. 6760
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ISSN: 1661-6596
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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