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Title: Characteristics and Outcomes of Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infection Originating From the Urinary Tract: A Multicenter Cohort Study
Author: Grillo, Sara
Cuervo Requena, Guillermo
Carratalà, Jordi
Grau, Immaculada
Llaberia, Mariona
Aguado, José María
López Cortés, Luis Eduardo
Lalueza, Antonio
Sanjuan, Rafael
Sanchez Batanero, Ana
Ardanuy Tisaire, María Carmen
García Somoza, Dolors
Tebé, Cristian
Pujol Rojo, Miquel
Keywords: Infeccions per estafilococs
Aparell urinari
Staphylococcal infections
Urinary organs
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2020
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Background. Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection (SABSI) arising from a urinary tract source (UTS) is poorly understood. Methods. We conducted a retrospective analysis in 3 major teaching hospitals in Spain of prospectively collected data of hospitalized patients with SABSI. SABSI-UTS was diagnosed in patients with urinary tract symptoms and/or signs, no evidence of an extra-urinary source of infection, and a urinary S. aureus count of >= 10(5) cfu/mL. Susceptibility of S. aureus strains and patient mortality were compared between SABSI from UTS (SABSI-UTS) and other sources (SABSI-other). Results. Of 4181 episodes of SABSI, we identified 132 (3.16%) cases of SABSI-UTS that occurred predominantly in patients who were male, had high Charlson comorbidity scores, were dependent for daily life activities, and who had undergone urinary catheterization and/or urinary manipulation before the infection. SABSI-UTS was more often caused by MRSA strains compared with SABSI-other (40.9% vs 17.5%; P < .001). Patients with SABSI-UTS caused by MRSA more often received inadequate empirical treatment compared with those caused by susceptible strains (59.7% vs 23.1%; P < .001). The 30-day case fatality rate was lower in patients with SABSI-UTS than in those with SABSI-other (14.4% vs 23.8%; P = .02). Factors independently associated with mortality were dependence for daily activities (aOR, 3.877; 95% CI, 1.08-13.8; P = .037) and persistent bacteremia (aOR, 7.88; 95% CI, 1.57-39.46; P = .012). Conclusions. SABSI-UTS occurs predominantly in patients with severe underlying conditions and in those who have undergone urinary tract manipulation. Moreover, it is frequently due to MRSA strains and causes significant mortality.
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It is part of: Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 2020, vol. 7, num. 7
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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