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Title: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide promotes lipid deposition in subcutaneous adipocytes in obese, type-2 diabetes patients: a maladaptive response
Author: Thondam, Sravan K.
Daousi, Christina
WIlding, John P.
Holst, Jens J.
Ameen, Gulizar Issa
Yang, Chenjing
Whitmore, Catherine
Mora Fayos, Sílvia
Cuthbertson, Daniel J.
Keywords: Diabetis
Teixit adipós
Adipose tissues
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Abstract: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) beyond its insulinotropic effects may regulate postprandial lipid metabolism. Whereas the insulinotropic action of GIP is known to be impaired in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), its adipogenic effect is unknown. We hypothesized that GIP is anabolic in human subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) promoting triacylglycerol (TAG) deposition through reesterification of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and this effect may differ according to obesity status or glucose tolerance. Twenty-three subjects categorized into four groups, normoglycemic lean (n = 6), normoglycemic obese (n = 6), obese with impaired glucose regulation (IGR; n = 6), and obese T2DM (n = 5), participated in a double-blind, randomized, crossover study involving a hyperglycemic clamp with a 240-min GIP infusion (2 pmol·kg−1·min−1) or normal saline. Insulin, NEFA, SAT-TAG content, and gene expression of key lipogenic enzymes were determined before and immediately after GIP/saline infusions. GIP lowered NEFA concentrations in the obese T2DM group despite diminished insulinotropic activity (mean NEFA AUC0-4 h ± SE, 41,992 ± 9,843 µmol·l−1·min−1 vs. 71,468 ± 13,605 with placebo, P = 0.039, 95% CI: 0.31-0.95). Additionally, GIP increased SAT-TAG in obese T2DM (1.78 ± 0.4 vs 0.86 ± 0.1-fold with placebo, P = 0.043, 95% CI: 0.1-1.8). Such effect with GIP was not observed in other three groups despite greater insulinotropic activity. Reduction in NEFA concentration with GIP correlated with adipose tissue insulin resistance for all subjects (Pearson, r = 0.56, P = 0.005). There were no significant gene expression changes in key SAT lipid metabolism enzymes. In conclusion, GIP appears to promote fat accretion and thus may exacerbate obesity and insulin resistance in T2DM.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2017, vol. 312, p. E224-E233
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ISSN: 0193-1849
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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