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|Title:||Effect of cocoa powder in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: biological, consumption and inflammatory biomarkers. A metabolomic approach|
|Author:||Urpí Sardà, Mireia|
Rotchés Ribalta, Maria
Roura Carvajal, Elena
Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.
Estruch Riba, Ramon
Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina
|Publisher:||Transworld Research Network|
|Abstract:||Numerous health benefits have been attributed to cocoa and its derived products in the last decade including antioxidant, anti-platelet and positive effects on lipid metabolism and vascular function. Inflammation plays a key role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. However, cocoa feeding trials focused on inflammation are still rare and the results yielded are controversial. Health effects derived from cocoa consumption have been partly attributed to its polyphenol content, in particular of flavanols. Bioavailability is a key issue for cocoa polyphenols in order to be able to exert their biological activities. In the case of flavanols, bioavailability is strongly influenced by several factors, such as their degree of polymerization and the food matrix in which the polyphenols are delivered. Furthermore, gut has become an active site for the metabolism of procyanidins (oligomeric and polymeric flavanols). Estimation of polyphenol consumption or exposure is also a very challenging task in Food and Nutrition Science in order to correlate the intake of phytochemicals with in vivo health effects. In the area of nutrition, modern analytical techniques based on mass spectrometry are leading to considerable advances in targeted metabolite analysis and particularly in Metabolomics or global metabolite analysis. In this chapter we have summarized the most relevant results of our recent research on the bioavailability of cocoa polyphenols in humans and the effect of the matrix in which cocoa polyphenols are delivered considering both targeted analysis and a metabolomic approach. Furthermore, we have also summarized the effect of long-term consumption of cocoa powder in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) on the inflammatory biomarkers of atherosclerosis.|
|Note:||Podeu consultar el llibre complet a: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/32392|
|Note:||Reproducció del capítol 5 del llibre publicat a: http://www.trnres.com/ebookcontents.php?id=149|
|It is part of:||Recent Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2011, Chapter 5, p. 121-132. Editor: Diego Muñoz-Torrero|
|Appears in Collections:||Llibres / Capítols de llibre (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)|
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