Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/34532
Title: Dendritic cells exposed to MVA-based HIV-1 vaccine induce highly functional HIV-1-specific CD8+ T cell responses in HIV-1-infected individuals
Author: Climent Vidal, Núria
Guerra, Susana
García Alcaide, Felipe
Rovira Ollé, Cristina
Miralles Escofet, Laia
Gómez Rodríguez, Carmen Elena
Piqué i Clusella, Núria
Gil Roda, Cristina
Gatell, José M.
Esteban Rodrígez, Mariano
Gallart, T.
Keywords: Vacunes antivíriques
Infeccions per VIH
Immunologia
Cèl·lules T
Virus ADN
Viral vaccines
HIV infections
Immunology
T cells
DNA viruses
Issue Date: 18-May-2011
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Currently, MVA virus vectors carrying HIV-1 genes are being developed as HIV-1/AIDS prophylactic/therapeutic vaccines. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of these vectors on human dendritic cells (DC) and their capacity to present HIV-1 antigens to human HIV-specific T cells. This study aimed to characterize the interaction of MVA and MVA expressing the HIV-1 genes Env-Gag-Pol-Nef of clade B (referred to as MVA-B) in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) and the subsequent processes of HIV-1 antigen presentation and activation of memory HIV-1-specific T lymphocytes. For these purposes, we performed ex vivo assays with MDDC and autologous lymphocytes from asymptomatic HIV-infected patients. Infection of MDDC with MVA-B or MVA, at the optimal dose of 0.3 PFU/MDDC, induced by itself a moderate degree of maturation of MDDC, involving secretion of cytokines and chemokines (IL1-ra, IL-7, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12, IL-15, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, RANTES, IP-10, MIG, and IFN-α). MDDC infected with MVA or MVA-B and following a period of 48 h or 72 h of maturation were able to migrate toward CCL19 or CCL21 chemokine gradients. MVA-B infection induced apoptosis of the infected cells and the resulting apoptotic bodies were engulfed by the uninfected MDDC, which cross-presented HIV-1 antigens to autologous CD8+ T lymphocytes. MVA-B-infected MDDC co-cultured with autologous T lymphocytes induced a highly functional HIV-specific CD8+ T cell response including proliferation, secretion of IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α, MIP-1β, MIP-1α, RANTES and IL-6, and strong cytotoxic activity against autologous HIV-1-infected CD4+ T lymphocytes. These results evidence the adjuvant role of the vector itself (MVA) and support the clinical development of prophylactic and therapeutic anti-HIV vaccines based on MVA-B.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019644
It is part of: PLoS One, 2011, vol. 6, num. 5, p. e19644
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019644
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/34532
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)

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