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Title: Sacral fusion as an aid in age estimation
Author: Ríos, L.
Weisensee, K.
Rissech, C.
Keywords: Antropologia forense
Creixement dels ossos
Forensic anthropology
Bones growth
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The degree of fusion at the anterior aspect of the sacral vertebrae has been scored in 242 male and female skeletons from the Lisbon documented collection, ranging in age from 16 to 59 years old. Statistical tests indicate a sex difference towards earlier fusion in young females compared with young males, as well as a clear association between degree of fusion and age. Similar results have been found in documented skeletal samples from Coimbra and Sassari, and the recommendations stated by these authors regarding age estimation have been positively tested in the Lisbon collection. Although more research from geographically diverse samples is required, a general picture of the pattern of sacral fusion and its associations with age and sex is emerging. We also provide a practical example of the usefulness of the sacrum in age estimation in a forensic setting, a mass grave from the Spanish Civil War. It is concluded that the scoring of the degree of fusion of the sacral vertebrae, specially of S1-2, can be a simple tool for assigning skeletons to broad age groups, and it should be implemented as another resource for age estimation in the study of human skeletal remains.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Forensic Science International, 2008, vol. 180, num. 2-3, p. 111.e1-111.e7
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ISSN: 0379-0738
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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