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Title: Neutron skin of 208Pb, nuclear symmetry energy, and the parity radius experiment
Author: Roca Maza, Xavier
Centelles Aixalà, Mario
Viñas Gausí, Xavier
Warda, M.
Keywords: Física nuclear
Estels de neutrons
Nuclear physics
Neutron stars
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: A precise determination of the neutron skin thickness of a heavy nucleus sets a basic constraint on the nuclear symmetry energy (the neutron skin thickness is the difference of the neutron and proton rms radii of the nucleus). The parity radius experiment (PREX) may achieve it by electroweak parity-violating electron scattering (PVES) on 208Pb. We investigate PVES in nuclear mean field approach to allow the accurate extraction of the neutron skin thickness of 208Pb from the parity-violating asymmetry probed in the experiment. We demonstrate a high linear correlation between the parity-violating asymmetry and the neutron skin thickness in successful mean field forces as the best means to constrain the neutron skin of 208Pb from PREX, without assumptions on the neutron density shape. Continuation of the experiment with higher precision in the parity-violating asymmetry is motivated since the present method can support it to constrain the density slope of the nuclear symmetry energy to new accuracy.
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It is part of: Physical Review Letters, 2011, vol. 106, num. 25, p. 252501-1-252501-4
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ISSN: 0031-9007
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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