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|Title:||Freshwater biodiversity and conservation in mediterranean climate streams of Chile.|
Bonada i Caparrós, Núria
Díaz, María E.
Ruiz, Victor H.
|Keywords:||Ecologia d'aigua dolça|
|Abstract:||In Chile, mediterranean climate conditions only occur in the Central Zone (ChMZ). Despite its small area, this mediterranean climate region (med-region) has been recognised as a hotspot for biodiversity. However, in contrast to the rivers of other med-regions, the rivers in the ChMZ have been studied infrequently, and knowledge of their freshwater biodiversity is scarce and fragmented. We gathered information on the freshwater biodiversity of ChMZ, and present a review of the current knowledge of the principal floral and faunal groups. Existing knowledge indicates that the ChMZ has high levels of endemism, with many primitive species being of Gondwanan origin. Although detailed information is available on most floral groups, most faunal groups remain poorly known. In addition, numerous rivers in the ChMZ remain completely unexplored. Taxonomic specialists are scarce, and the information available on freshwater biodiversity has resulted from studies with objectives that did not directly address biodiversity issues. Research funding in this med-region has a strong applied character and is not focused on the knowledge of natural systems and their biodiversity. Species conservation policies are urgently required in this highly diverse med-region, which is also the most severely impacted and most populated region of the country.|
|Note:||Versió postprint del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-013-1685-4|
|It is part of:||Hydrobiologia, 2013, vol. 719, num. 1, p. 269-289|
|Appears in Collections:||Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE|
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)
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