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Title: A mediterranean japonica rice (Oryza sativa) cultivar improvement through anther culture.
Author: Serrat, Xavier
Cardona, M.
Gil, J.
Brito, A.M.
Moysset Agustí, Lluïsa
Nogués Mestres, Salvador
Lalanne, Eric
Keywords: Arròs
Genètica vegetal
Plant genetics
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media
Abstract: Certified seed producers systematically select and propagate registered varieties year after year in order to maintain their uniformity and the original registered cultivar traits. However, natural mutations, spontaneous breeding between varieties and alien grain contamination can introduce undesir- able variability. NRVC 980385 is a temperate japonica rice cultivar (Oryza sativa ssp. japonica) first regis- tered in Spain in 2002. In 2005 certification tests detected a plot differing from the original traits in terms of uniformity and height suggesting the pres- ence of a certain heterozygosis. This material was therefore seen as an opportunity to obtain newly stabilized doubled haploid (DH) lines which could compete in the Spanish short grain seed market. In this study, an in vitro anther culture protocol is defined which also covers the field tests selection to obtain four new, improved and stabilized DH derived lines ready to be registered for commercial proposes. This took just 4 years from the initial anther collection until new lines were grown in large scale field trials. Consequently, this protocol reduces the time for obtaining field assessed DH lines thereby having considerable advantages over other techniques by both maintaining the original registered cultivars and/or generating new derived varieties.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Euphytica, 2014, vol. 195, num. 1, p. 31-44
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ISSN: 0014-2336
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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