Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The Transatlantic Productivity Gap : Is R&D the Main Culprit?
Author: Ortega-Argilés, Raquel
Piva, Mariacristina
Vivarelli, Marco
Keywords: Productivitat
Eficiència industrial
Recerca industrial
Estats Units d'Amèrica
Industrial efficiency
Industrial research
United States
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
Series/Report no: [WP E-IR11/03]
Abstract: The literature has pointed to different causes to explain the productivity gap between Europe and United States in the last decades. This paper tests the hypothesis that the lower European productivity performance in comparison with the US can be explained not only by a lower level of corporate R&D investment, but also by a lower capacity to translate R&D investment into productivity gains. The proposed microeconometric estimates are based on a unique longitudinal database covering the period 1990-2008 and comprising 1.809 US and European companies for a total of 16.079 observations. Consistent with previous literature, we find robust evidence of a significant impact of R&D on productivity, however – using different estimation techniques - the R&D coefficients for the US firms always turn out to be significantly higher. To see to what extent these transatlantic differences may be related to the different sectoral structures in the US and the EU, we differentiated the analysis by sectors. The result is that both in manufacturing, services and high-tech sectors US firms are more efficient in translating their R&D investments into productivity increases.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: IREA – Working Papers, 2011, IR11/03
ISSN: 2014-1254
Appears in Collections:Documents de treball (Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública (IREA))

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IR11-003_Ortega-Piva-Vivarelli.pdf668.8 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons