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Title: Environmental determinants of foraging strategies in Cory"s shearwaters Calonectris diomedea
Author: Navarro Bernabé, Joan
González-Solís, Jacob
Keywords: Ocells marins
Ecologia animal
Nutrició animal
Sea birds
Animal ecology
Animal nutrition
Animal behavior
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Inter-Research
Abstract: Despite the advent of devices to track seabird movements, the extent to which productive areas and oceanic winds influence foraging strategies is still not fully understood. We investigated the main environmental determinants of foraging strategies in Cory"s shearwaters Calonectris diomedea by combining satellite-tracking information from 14 birds breeding on the Canary Islands with concurrent data on chlorophyll a (chl a) concentrations and oceanic winds. Additionally, we took blood samples at the end of each foraging trip and analysed carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stable isotopes to examine the use of trophic resources. All birds showed commuting trips, concentrating foraging activity exclusively on the African continental shelf. Foraging locations showed a strong association with chl a concentrations, suggesting birds select foraging areas according to prey availability. In contrast with other breeding colonies where Cory"s shearwaters use a dual-foraging method, birds showed a unimodal strategy and did not show differences in C and N isotope signatures in plasma, confirming that close proximity to highly productive areas strongly influences foraging strategies. In addition, birds tracked during 2 consecutive trips foraged in the same area, suggesting that high resource availability promotes fidelity to feeding grounds also at coarse scales. Persistent northeast trade winds blew during the study period, and commuting trips followed a consistent clockwise movement with a southwest heading while the birds foraged along the continental shelf, suggesting that birds used tail winds to reduce their flying costs. Our results corroborate that oceanographic conditions in the vicinity of the breeding colony have a strong effect on foraging strategies of pelagic seabirds.
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It is part of: Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2009, vol. 378, p. 259-267
Related resource:
ISSN: 0171-8630
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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