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Title: Oral manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus. A systematic review
Author: Mauri Obradors, Elisabeth
Estrugo Devesa, Albert
Jané Salas, Enric
Viñas, Miquel
López López, José, 1958-
Keywords: Manifestacions orals de les malalties
Ressenyes sistemàtiques (Investigació mèdica)
Oral manifestations of general diseases
Systematic reviews (Medical research)
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2017
Publisher: Medicina Oral SL
Abstract: Background: Diabetes Mellitus has become a global epidemic and presents many complications, usually proportional to the degree and duration of hyperglycemia. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the different oral manifestations associated with Diabetes Mellitus. Material and methods: A MEDLINE search for 'Diabetes Mellitus and oral manifestations' was performed. A further search was conducted for 'diabetes' and its individual oral manifestation. Inclusion criteria were as follows: human clinical studies with a minimum of 30 patients; studies published in relevant scientific journals between January 1998 and January 2016. Nineteen studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were analyzed, assessing the strength of scientific evidence according to recommendations made by the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford (OCEBM), which permits adequate assessment of prevalence studies. Results: A total 3,712 patients (2,084 diabetics) were included in the studies reviewed. Of the 19 studies analyzed, 4 were longitudinal studies and 15 cross-sectional studies. Periodontal disease, periapical lesions, xerostomia and taste disturbance were more prevalent among diabetic patients. An association between diabetes and caries and mucosal lesions proved positive in 5 out of 10 studies. Conclusions: Despite multiple oral manifestations associated with DM, awareness of the associations between diabetes, oral health, and general health is inadequate. It is necessary for doctors and dentists to be aware of the various oral manifestations of diabetes in order to make an early diagnosis.
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It is part of: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal, 2017, vol. 22, num. 5, p. e586-e594
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ISSN: 1698-4447
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Odontoestomatologia)
Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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