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Title: Testable anthropic predictions for dark energy
Author: Garriga Torres, Jaume
Vilenkin, A. (Alexander)
Keywords: Energia fosca (Astronomia)
Ecuacions d'estat
Dark energy (Astronomy)
Equations of state
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Abstract: In the context of models where the dark energy density $\rD$ is a random variable, anthropic selection effects may explain both the "old" cosmological constant problem and the "time coincidence". We argue that this type of solution to both cosmological constant problems entails a number of definite predictions, which can be checked against upcoming observations. In particular, in models where the dark energy density is a discrete variable, or where it is a continuous variable due to the potential energy of a single scalar field, the anthropic approach predicts that the dark energy equation of state is $p_D=-\rho_D$ with a very high accuracy. It is also predicted that the dark energy density is greater than the currently favored value $\Omega_D\approx 0.7$. Another prediction, which may be testable with an improved understanding of galactic properties, is that the conditions for civilizations to emerge arise mostly in galaxies completing their formation at low redshift, $z\approx 1$. Finally, there is a prediction which may not be easy to test observationally: our part of the universe is going to recollapse eventually. However, the simplest models predict that it will take more than a trillion years of accelerated expansion before this happens.
Note: Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i
It is part of: Physical Review D, 2003, vol. 67, núm. 4, p. 043503-1-043503-11
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ISSN: 0556-2821
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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