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Title: Effect of a cocoa diet on the small intestine and gut-associated lymphoid tissue composition in an oral sensitization model in rats
Author: Camps i Bossacoma, Mariona
Pérez-Cano, Francisco J.
Franch i Masferrer, Àngels
Untersmayr, E.
Castell, Margarida
Keywords: Dieta
Sistema limfàtic
Intestí prim
Small intestine
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Previous studies have attributed to the cocoa powder the capacity to attenuate the immune response in a rat oral sensitization model. To gain a better understanding of cocoa-induced mechanisms at small intestinal level, 3-week-old female Lewis rats were fed either a standard diet or a diet containing 10% cocoa for 4 weeks with or without concomitant oral sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA). Thereafter, we evaluated the lymphocyte composition of the Peyer's patches (PPL), small intestine epithelium (IEL) and lamina propria (LPL). Likewise, gene expression of several immune molecules was quantified in the small intestine. Moreover, histological samples were used to evaluate the proportion of goblet cells, IgA+ cells and granzyme+ cells as well. In cocoa-fed animals, we identified a five time reduction in the percentage of IgA+ cells in intestinal tissue together with a decreased proportion of TLR4+ IEL. Analyzing the lymphocyte composition, almost a double proportion of TCRalpha-beta+ cells and an increase of NK cell percentage in PPL and IEL were found. In addition, a rise in CD25+, CD103+ and CD62L- cell proportions was observed in CD4+ PPL from cocoa-fed animals, along with a decrease in gene expression of CD11b, CD11c and IL-10. These results suggest that changes in PPL and IEL composition and in the gene expression induced by the cocoa diet could be involved, among other mechanisms, on its tolerogenic effect.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 2017, vol. 42, p. 182-193
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ISSN: 0955-2863
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA·UB))
Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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