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Title: Oral lichen planus and its relationship with systemic diseases. A review of evidence
Author: Cassol Spanemberg, Juliana
Rodríguez de Rivera Campillo, Ma Eugenia
Otero, Eva María
Estrugo Devesa, Albert
Jané Salas, Enric
López López, José, 1958-
Keywords: Liquen pla
Mucosa oral
Malalties de la pell
Lichen planus
Oral mucosa
Skin diseases
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2018
Publisher: Medicina Oral SL
Abstract: Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common dermatological diseases which are present in the oral cavity. It is a chronic autoimmune, mucocutaneous disease that affects the oral mucosa as well as the skin, genital mucosa and other sites. Objective: Review the relevant information to OLP and its relationship with systemic diseases. Material and Methods: Searches were carried out in the Medline/PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, BVS, and SciELO databases by using key-words. After an initial search that provided us with 243 papers, this number was reduced to 78 from the last seven years. One of the first criteria adopted was a selective reading of the abstracts of articles for the elimination of publications that presented less information regarding the subject proposed for this work. All the selected articles were read in their entirety by all of the authors, who came to a consensus about their level of evidence. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) criteria were used as the criteria of methodological validation. Results: Only 9 articles showed an evidence level of 1+, 2+, 3 or 4, as well as a recommendation level of A, B, C or D. Three of them were non-systematic reviews, one was a cohort study and only one was a controlled clinical trial. Three of the studies were case series, with respective sample sizes of 45, 171 and 633 patients. Conclusions: Several factors have been associated with OLP. Patients with OLP are carriers of a disease with systemic implications and may need the care of a multidisciplinary team. The correct diagnosis of any pathology is critical to making effective treatment and minimizes iatrogenic harm. For OLP is no different, taking into account its association with numerous systemic diseases that require special attention from health professionals. Periodic follow-up of all patients with OLP is recommended.
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It is part of: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 2018, vol. 10, num. 9, p. e938-e944
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ISSN: 1989-5488
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Odontoestomatologia)

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