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Title: Increased hepatic insulin sensitivity in mice lacking inhibitory leptin receptor signals
Author: Tom, Robby Zachariah
Sjögren, Rasmus J. O.
Vieira, Elaine
Glund, Stephan
Iglesias-Gutiérrez, Eduardo
García-Roves, Pablo M. (Pablo Miguel)
Myers Jr, Martin G.
Björnholm, Marie
Keywords: Insulina
Malalties del fetge
Ratolins (Animals de laboratori)
Liver diseases
Mice (Laboratory animals)
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2011
Publisher: Association for the Study of Internal Secretions
Abstract: Leptin regulates food intake and energy expenditure by activating the long form of the leptin receptor (LepRb). Leptin also regulates glucose homeostasis by improving whole-body insulin sensitivity, but the mechanism remains undefined. Leptin action is mediated by phosphorylation of several tyrosine residues on LepRb. LepRb-Tyr985 plays an important role in the attenuation of LepRb signaling. We determined the contribution of LepRb-Tyr985-mediated signals to leptin action on insulin sensitivity using LepRb-Tyr985 mutant mice (l/l mice). Glucose tolerance and whole-body insulin-mediated glucose utilization were determined in wild-type (+/+) and l/l mice. Glucose tolerance was unaltered between female +/+ and l/l mice but enhanced in the male l/l mice. Serum insulin concentration was decreased at baseline and 15 min after a glucose injection in female l/l vs. +/+ mice (P < 0.05) but unaltered in the male l/l mice. However, basal and insulin-stimulated glucose transport in isolated soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscle was similar between +/+ and l/l mice, indicating skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in vitro was not enhanced. Moreover, euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps reveal hepatic, rather than peripheral, insulin sensitivity is enhanced in female l/l mice, whereas male l/l mice display both improved hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity. In conclusion, signals emanating from leptin receptor Tyr985 control hepatic insulin sensitivity in both female and male l/l mice. Lack of LepRb-Tyr985 signaling enhances whole-body insulin sensitivity partly through increased insulin action on the suppression of hepatic glucose production.
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It is part of: Endocrinology, 2011, vol. 152, num. 6, p. 2237-2246
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ISSN: 0013-7227
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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