Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: SVM-RFE: selection and visualization of the most relevant features through non-linear kernels
Author: Sanz, Hector
Valim, Clarissa
Vegas Lozano, Esteban
Oller i Sala, Josep Maria
Reverter Comes, Ferran
Keywords: Biometria
Anàlisi vectorial
Vector analysis
Issue Date: 19-Nov-2018
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background Support vector machines (SVM) are a powerful tool to analyze data with a number of predictors approximately equal or larger than the number of observations. However, originally, application of SVM to analyze biomedical data was limited because SVM was not designed to evaluate importance of predictor variables. Creating predictor models based on only the most relevant variables is essential in biomedical research. Currently, substantial work has been done to allow assessment of variable importance in SVM models but this work has focused on SVM implemented with linear kernels. The power of SVM as a prediction model is associated with the flexibility generated by use of non-linear kernels. Moreover, SVM has been extended to model survival outcomes. This paper extends the Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE) algorithm by proposing three approaches to rank variables based on non-linear SVM and SVM for survival analysis. Results The proposed algorithms allows visualization of each one the RFE iterations, and hence, identification of the most relevant predictors of the response variable. Using simulation studies based on time-to-event outcomes and three real datasets, we evaluate the three methods, based on pseudo-samples and kernel principal component analysis, and compare them with the original SVM-RFE algorithm for non-linear kernels. The three algorithms we proposed performed generally better than the gold standard RFE for non-linear kernels, when comparing the truly most relevant variables with the variable ranks produced by each algorithm in simulation studies. Generally, the RFE-pseudo-samples outperformed the other three methods, even when variables were assumed to be correlated in all tested scenarios. Conclusions The proposed approaches can be implemented with accuracy to select variables and assess direction and strength of associations in analysis of biomedical data using SVM for categorical or time-to-event responses. Conducting variable selection and interpreting direction and strength of associations between predictors and outcomes with the proposed approaches, particularly with the RFE-pseudo-samples approach can be implemented with accuracy when analyzing biomedical data. These approaches, perform better than the classical RFE of Guyon for realistic scenarios about the structure of biomedical data.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: BMC Bioinformatics, 2018, vol. 19, p. 432
Related resource:
ISSN: 1471-2105
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
683306.pdf2.85 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons