Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/138983
Title: Perioperative prophylaxis with ertapenem reduced infections caused by extended-spectrum betalactamase-producting Enterobacteriaceae after kidney transplantation
Author: Sanclemente, Gemma
Bodro, Marta
Cervera, Carlos
Linares, Laura
Cofán Pujol, Federico
Marco Reverté, Francesc
Bosch, Jordi
Oppenheimer Salinas, Federico
Dieckmann, Fritz
Moreno Camacho, Ma. Asunción
Keywords: Trasplantament renal
Enterobacteriàcies
Kidney transplantation
Enterobacteriaceae
Issue Date: 22-Jul-2019
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Backgound: In recent years we have witnessed an increase in infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). In our setting, we have observed a dramatic increase in infections caused by extended-spectrum betalactamase-producing (ESBL) Enterobacteriaceae in KTR. In 2014 we changed surgical prophylaxis from Cefazolin 2 g to Ertapenem 1 g. Methods: We compared bacterial infections and their resistance phenotype during the first post-transplant month with an historical cohort collected during 2013 that had received Cefazolin. Results: During the study period 110 patients received prophylaxis with Cefazolin and 113 with Ertapenem. In the Ertapenem cohort we observed a non-statistically significant decrease in the percentage of early bacterial infection from 57 to 47%, with urine being the most frequent source in both. The frequency of infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae spp. decreased from 64% in the Cefazolin cohort to 36% in the Ertapenem cohort (p = 0.005). In addition, percentage of ESBL-producing strains decreased from 21 to 8% of all Enterobacteriaceae isolated (p = 0.015). After adjusted in multivariate Cox regression analysis, male sex (HR 0.16, 95%CI: 0.03–0.75), cefazolin prophylaxis (HR 4.7, 95% CI: 1.1–22.6) and acute rejection (HR 14.5, 95% CI: 1.3–162) were associated to ESBL- producing Enterobacteriaceae infection. Conclusions: Perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis with a single dose of Ertapenem in kidney transplant recipients reduced the incidence of early infections due to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae without increasing the incidence of other multidrug-resistant microorganisms or C. difficile.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1461-4
It is part of: BMC Nephrology, 2019, vol. 20
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/138983
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1461-4
ISSN: 1471-2369
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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