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Title: Distinct responses from bacterial, archaeal and fungal streambed communities to severe hydrological disturbances
Author: Gionchetta, G.
Romaní i Cornet, Anna M.
Oliva Cuyàs, Francesc
Artigas, J.
Keywords: Hidrologia
Canvi climàtic
Climatic change
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Stream microbes that occur in the Mediterranean Basin have been shown to possess heightened sensitivity to intensified water stress attributed to climate change. Here, we investigate the effects of long-term drought (150 days), storms and rewetting (7 days) on the diversity and composition of archaea, bacteria and fungi inhabiting intermittent streambed sediment (surface and hyporheic) and buried leaves. Hydrological alterations modified the archaeal community composition more than the bacterial community composition, whereas fungi were the least affected. Throughout the experiment, archaeal communities colonizing sediments showed greater phylogenetic distances compared to those of bacteria and fungi, suggesting considerable adaptation to severe hydrological disturbances. The increase in the class abundances, such as those of Thermoplasmata within archaea and of Actinobacteria and Bacilli within bacteria, revealed signs of transitioning to a drought-favoured and soil-like community composition. Strikingly, we found that in comparison to the drying phase, water return (as sporadic storms and rewetting) led to larger shifts in the surface microbial community composition and diversity. In addition, microhabitat characteristics, such as the greater capacity of the hyporheic zone to maintain/conserve moisture, tended to modulate the ability of certain microbes (e.g., bacteria) to cope with severe hydrological disturbances.
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It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, p. 13506
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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