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Title: Names and their meanings: A dual-process account of proper-name encoding and retrieval
Author: O'Rourke, Thomas
Diego Balaguer, Ruth de
Keywords: Memòria
Noms propis
Proper names
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The ability to pick out a unique entity with a proper name is an important component of human language. It has been a primary focus of research in the philosophy of language since the nineteenth century. Brain-based evidence has shed new light on this capacity, and an extensive literature indicates the involvement of distinct fronto-temporal and temporo-occipito-parietal association cortices in proper-name retrieval. However, comparatively few efforts have sought to explain how memory encoding processes lead to the later recruitment of these distinct regions at retrieval. Here, we provide a unified account of proper-name encoding and retrieval, reviewing evidence that socio-emotional and unitized encoding subserve the retrieval of proper names via anterior-temporal-prefrontal activations. Meanwhile, non-unitized item-item and item-context encoding support subsequent retrieval, largely dependent on the temporo-occipito-parietal cortex. We contend that this well-established divergence in encoding systems can explain how proper names are later retrieved from distinct neural structures. Furthermore, we explore how evidence reviewed here can inform a century-and-a-half-old debate about proper names and the meanings they pick out.
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It is part of: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2020, vol. 108, p. 308-321
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ISSN: 0149-7634
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)

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