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Title: Criticality in failure under compression: acoustic emission study of coal and charcoal with different microstructures
Author: Xu, Yangyang
Borrego, Angeles G.
Planes, Antoni
Ding, Xiangdong
Vives i Santa-Eulàlia, Eduard
Keywords: Mecànica de fractura
Fracture mechanics
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2019
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: A systematic study of acoustic emission avalanches in coal and charcoal samples under slow uniaxial compression is presented. The samples exhibit a range of organic composition in terms of chemical elements as well as different degrees of heterogeneity in the microstructure. The experimental analysis focuses on the energies E of the individual acoustic emission events as well as on the time correlations between successive events. The studied samples can be classified into three groups. The more homogeneous samples (group I) with pores in the micro and nanoscales, with signatures of hardening effects in the stress-strain curves, exhibit the cleanest critical power-law behavior for the energy distributions g(E)dE∼E-ϵdE with a critical exponent ϵ=1.4. The more heterogeneous samples with voids, macropores, and granular microstructures (group III), show signatures of weakening effects and a larger effective exponent close to the value ϵ=1.66, but in some cases truncated by exponential damping factors. The rest of the samples (group II) exhibit a mixed crossover behavior still compatible with an effective exponent ϵ=1.4 but clearly truncated by exponential factors. These results suggest the existence of two possible universality classes in the failure of porous materials under compression: one for homogeneous samples and another for highly heterogeneous samples. Concerning time correlations between avalanches, all samples exhibit very similar waiting time distributions although some differences for the Omori aftershock distributions cannot be discarded.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Physical Review E, 2019, vol. 99, p. 033001-1-033001-12
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ISSN: 1539-3755
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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