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Title: Exploring genetic variants in obsessive compulsive disorder severity: a GWAS approach
Author: Alemany-Navarro, María
Cruz, Raquel
Real, Eva
Segalàs Cosi, Cinto
Bertolín, Sara
Baenas, Isabel
Domènech, Laura
Rabionet Janssen, Raquel
Carracedo Álvarez, Ángel
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Alonso Ortega, María del Pino
Keywords: Conducta compulsiva
Genètica humana
Compulsive behavior
Human genetics
Issue Date: 29-Jan-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Background : The severity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) varies significantly among probands. No study has specifically investigated the genetic base of OCD severity. A previous study from our group found an OCD polygenic risk score to predict pre- and post-treatment severity. This study explores the genomic bases of OCD severity. Methods : We administered the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) to 401 patients at their first visit to our clinic to measure their OCD severity. Genotyping data was collected by using the Infinium PsychArray-24 BeadChip kit (Illumina). We analyzed genetic association with OCD severity in a linear regression analysis at single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)- and gene-levels, this last also considering rare variants. Enrichment analyses were performed from gene-based analyses' results. Results : No SNP reached significant association (p < 10−8) with the YBOCS. Six markers showed suggestive association (p < 10−5). The top SNP was an intergenic variant in chromosome 2: rs7578149 (p < 1.89 × 10−6), located in a region suggestively associated with MDD. Linkage disequilibrium was found for two clusters of SNPs located between SLC16A14 and SP110 in chromosome 2, all of them forming one peak of association. Enrichment analyses revealed OCD genes to be associated with porin activity (FDR = 0.01) and transmembrane structure (FDR = 0.04). Limitations : The size of the sample and the transversal nature of the severity measure are limitations of this study. Conclusion : This study contributes to better characterize OCD at an individual level, helping to know more about the prognosis of the disorder and develop more individualized treatments.
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It is part of: Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, vol. 267, p. 23-32
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ISSN: 0165-0327
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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