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Title: Using fMRI to assess brain activity in people with Down Syndrome: A systematic review
Author: Carbó-Carreté, Maria
Cañete-Massé, Cristina
Peró, Maribel
Guàrdia-Olmos, Joan, 1958-
Keywords: Síndrome de Down
Imatges per ressonància magnètica
Down syndrome
Magnetic resonance imaging
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2020
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Background: In the last few years, many investigations have focused on brain activity in general and in populations with different pathologies using non-invasive techniques such as electroencefalography (EEG), positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, the use of non-invasive techniques to detect brain signals to evaluate the cognitive activity of people with Down syndrome (DS) has not been sufficiently addressed. The objective of this study is to describe the state-of-the-art in fMRI techniques for recording brain signals in people with DS. Method: A systematic review was performed based on PRISMA recommendations; only nine papers on this topic have been published. Three independent researchers selected all relevant information from each paper. Analyses of information concordance showed a high value of agreement between researchers. Results: Although few relevant works have been published, the use of fMRI in people with DS is becoming an appropriate option to study brain function in this population. Of the nine identified papers, five used task designs, and four used resting-state paradigms. Conclusion: Thus, we emphasize the need to incorporate rigorous cognitive activity procedures in evaluations of the DS population. We suggest several factors (such as head correction movements and paired sample techniques) that must be considered when designing an fMRI study with a task or a resting-state paradigm in a DS population.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2020, vol. 14, p. 147
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ISSN: 1662-5161
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Neurociències (UBNeuro))
Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)
Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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