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Title: Performance of DNA methylation assays for detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+): a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author: Kelly, Hellen
Benavente, Yolanda
Pavon, Miquel Angel
Sanjosé Llongueras, Silvia de
Mayaud, Philippe
Lorincz, Attila Tibor
Keywords: Càncer de coll uterí
Marcadors tumorals
Cervix cancer
Tumor markers
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: BACKGROUND: To conduct a meta-analysis of performance of DNA methylation in women with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+). METHODS: Medline and Embase databases were searched for studies of methylation markers versus histological endpoints. Pooled sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) for CIN2+ were derived from bivariate models. Relative sensitivity and specificity for CIN2+ compared to cytology and HPV16/18 genotyping were pooled using random-effects models. RESULTS: Sixteen thousand three hundred thirty-six women in 43 studies provided data on human genes (CADM1, MAL, MIR-124-2, FAM19A4, POU4F3, EPB41L3, PAX1, SOX1) and HPV16 (L1/L2). Most (81%) studies evaluated methylation assays following a high-risk (HR)-HPV-positive or abnormal cytology result. Pooled CIN2+ and CIN3+ prevalence was 36.7% and 21.5%. For a set specificity of 70%, methylation sensitivity for CIN2+ and CIN3+ were 68.6% (95% CI: 62.9-73.8) and 71.1% (95% CI: 65.7-76.0) and PPV were 53.4% (95% CI: 44.4-62.1) and 35.0% (95% CI: 28.9-41.6). Among HR-HPV+ women, the relative sensitivity of methylation for CIN2+ was 0.81 (95% CI: 0.63-1.04) and 1.22 (95% CI: 1.05-1.42) compared to cytology of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, or greater (ASCUS+) and HPV16/18 genotyping, respectively, while relative specificity was 1.25 (95% CI: 0.99-1.59) and 1.03 (95% CI: 0.94-1.13), respectively. CONCLUSION: DNA methylation is significantly higher in CIN2+ and CIN3+ compared to <= CIN1. As triage test, DNA methylation has higher specificity than cytology ASCUS+ and higher sensitivity than HPV16/18 genotyping.
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It is part of: British Journal Of Cancer, 2019-11-26, vol. 121, num. 11, p. 954-965
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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