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Title: Mental Health among Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Country Comparison
Author: Ding, Kele
Yang, Jingzhen
Chin, Ming-Kai
Sullivan, Lindsay
Demirhan, Giyasettin
Violant, Verónica
Uvinha, Ricardo R.
Dai, Jianhui
Xu, Xia
Popeska, Biljana
Mladenova, Zornitza
Khan, Waheeda
Kuan, Garry
Balasekaran, Govindasamy
Smith, Gary A.
Keywords: COVID-19
Confinament (Emergència sanitària)
Salut mental
Depressió psíquica
Resiliència (Tret de la personalitat)
Confinement (Sanitary emergency)
Mental health
Mental depression
Resilience (Personality trait)
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Despite the global impact of COVID-19, studies comparing the effects of COVID-19 on population mental health across countries are sparse. This study aimed to compare anxiety and depression symptoms during the COVID-19 lockdown among adults from 11 countries and to examine their associations with country-level COVID-19 factors and personal COVID-19 exposure. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adults (≥18 years) in 11 countries (Brazil, Bulgaria, China, India, Ireland, North Macedonia, Malaysia, Singapore, Spain, Turkey, United States). Mental health (anxiety, depression, resilient coping, hope) and other study data were collected between June-August 2020. Of the 13,263 participants, 62.8% were female and 51.7% were 18-34 years old. Participants living in Brazil had the highest anxiety and depression symptoms while participants living in Singapore had the lowest. Greater personal COVID-19 exposure was associated with increased anxiety and depression symptoms, but country-level COVID-19 factors were not. Higher levels of hope were associated with reduced anxiety and depression; higher levels of resilient coping were associated with reduced anxiety but not depression. Substantial variations exist in anxiety and depression symptoms across countries during the COVID-19 lockdown, with personal COVID-19 exposure being a significant risk factor. Strategies that mitigate COVID-19 exposure and enhance hope and resilience may reduce anxiety and depression during global emergencies.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, vol. 18, num. 5, p. 2686
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ISSN: 1661-7827
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Didàctica i Organització Educativa)

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