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Title: Blocking intruders: inducible physico-chemical barriers against plant vascular wilt pathogens
Author: Kashyap, Anurag
Planas-Marquès, Marc
Capellades, Montserrat
Coll, Núria S.
Valls i Matheu, Marc
Keywords: Plantes
Bacteris patògens
Pathogenic bacteria
Issue Date: 2-Feb-2021
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Xylem vascular wilt pathogens cause devastating diseases in plants. Proliferation of these pathogens in the xylem causes massive disruption of water and mineral transport, resulting in severe wilting and death of the infected plants. Upon reaching the xylem vascular tissue, these pathogens multiply profusely, spreading vertically within the xylem sap, and horizontally between vessels and to the surrounding tissues. Plant resistance to these pathogens is very complex. One of the most effective defense responses in resistant plants is the formation of physico-chemical barriers in the xylem tissue. Vertical spread within the vessel lumen is restricted by structural barriers, namely, tyloses and gels. Horizontal spread to the apoplast and surrounding healthy vessels and tissues is prevented by vascular coating of the colonized vessels with lignin and suberin. Both vertical and horizontal barriers compartmentalize the pathogen at the infection site and contribute to their elimination. Induction of these defenses are tightly coordinated, both temporally and spatially, to avoid detrimental consequences such as cavitation and embolism. We discuss current knowledge on mechanisms underlying plant-inducible structural barriers against major xylem-colonizing pathogens. This knowledge may be applied to engineer metabolic pathways of vascular coating compounds in specific cells, to produce plants resistant towards xylem colonizers.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Experimental Botany, 2021, vol. 72, num. 2, p. 184-198
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ISSN: 0022-0957
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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