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Title: Cognitive and learning outcomes in late preterm infants at school age: a systematic review
Author: Martínez Nadal, Silvia
Bosch Galceran, Laura
Keywords: Infants prematurs
Aprenentatge cognitiu
Rendiment acadèmic
Premature infants
Cognitive learning
Academic achievement
Issue Date: 24-Dec-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Late preterm children born between 340/7 and 366/7 weeks' gestation account for ≈70% of prematurely born infants. There is growing concern about this population at risk of mild neurodevelopmental problems, learning disabilities and lower academic performance. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement, this paper analyzes recent published evidence from 16selected studies involving late preterm children and control group assessments at preschool and/or school age, mainly focusing on cognitive functioning, language learning and academic achievement. The review identifies the assessment tools used in these studies (standardized tests, parental questionnaires and laboratory tasks) and the areas being evaluated from preschool (age 3 years) to primary school levels. Results reveal the presence of mild difficulties, pointing to suboptimal outcomes in areas such as executive function, short term verbal memory, literacy skills, attention and processing speed. Some difficulties are transient, but others persist, possibly compromising academic achievement, as suggested by the few studies reporting on higher risk for poor school performance. Given the increasing number of late preterm children in our society the review highlights the need to implement screening strategies to facilitate early risk detection and minimize the negative effects of this morbidity in childhood.
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It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, vol. 18, num. 1, p. 74
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ISSN: 1661-7827
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Neurociències (UBNeuro))

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