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Title: Unravelling the consequences of the bacteriophages in human samples
Author: Blanco Picazo, Pedro
Fernández Orth, Dietmar
Brown Jaque, Maryury
Miró, Elisenda
Espinal, Paula
Rodríguez-Rubio, Lorena
Muniesa Pérez, Ma Teresa
Navarro, Ferran
Keywords: Bacteriòfags
Microorganismes patògens
Pathogenic microorganisms
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2020
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Bacteriophages are abundant in human biomes and therefore in human clinical samples. Although this is usually not considered, they might interfere with the recovery of bacterial pathogens at two levels: 1) by propagating in the enrichment cultures used to isolate the infectious agent, causing the lysis of the bacterial host and 2) by the detection of bacterial genes inside the phage capsids that mislead the presence of the bacterial pathogen. To unravel these interferences, human samples (n = 271) were analyzed and infectious phages were observed in 11% of blood culture, 28% of serum, 45% of ascitic fluid, 14% of cerebrospinal fluid and 23% of urine samples. The genetic content of phage particles from a pool of urine and ascitic fluid samples corresponded to bacteriophages infecting different bacterial genera. In addition, many bacterial genes packaged in the phage capsids, including antibiotic resistance genes and 16S rRNA genes, were detected in the viromes. Phage interference can be minimized applying a simple procedure that reduced the content of phages up to 3 logs while maintaining the bacterial load. This method reduced the detection of phage genes avoiding the interference with molecular detection of bacteria and reduced the phage propagation in the cultures, enhancing the recovery of bacteria up to 6 logs.
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It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, num. 1, p. 6737
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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