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Title: Early evidence of fire in south-western Europe: the Acheulean site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal)
Author: Sanz Borràs, Montserrat
Daura Luján, Joan
Cabanes i Cruelles, Dan
Égüez, Natalia
Carrancho, Ángel
Badal, Ernestina
Souto, Pedro
Rodrigues, Filipa
Zilhão, João, 1957-
Keywords: Jaciments paleontològics
Homínids fòssils
Paleontological excavations
Fossil hominids
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2020
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: The site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal), with evidence of human occupancy dating to ca. 400 ka (Marine Isotope Stage 11), is one of the very few Middle Pleistocene localities to have provided a fossil hominin cranium associated with Acheulean bifaces in a cave context. The multi-analytic study reported here of the by-products of burning recorded in layer X suggests the presence of anthropogenic fires at the site, among the oldest such evidence in south-western Europe. The burnt material consists of bone, charcoal and, possibly, quartzite cobbles. These finds were made in a small area of the cave and in two separate occupation horizons. Our results add to our still-limited knowledge about the controlled use of fire in the Lower Palaeolithic and contribute to ongoing debates on the behavioural complexity of the Acheulean of Europe.
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It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, num. 1, p. 12053
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història i Arqueologia)

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