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Title: An inverted Honeycomb plasmonic lattice as an efficient refractive index sensor
Author: Rodríguez Álvarez, Javier
Gnoatto, Lorenzo
Martínez Castells, Marc
Guerrero, Albert
Borrisé, Xavier
Fraile Rodríguez, Arantxa
Batlle, Xavier
Labarta, Amílcar
Keywords: Nanoestructures
Plasmons (Physics)
Issue Date: 4-May-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: We present an efficient refractive index sensor consisting of a heterostructure that contains an Au inverted honeycomb lattice as a main sensing element. Our design aims at maximizing the out-of-plane near-field distributions of the collective modes of the lattice mapping the sensor surroundings. These modes are further enhanced by a patterned SiO2 layer with the same inverted honeycomb lattice, an SiO2 spacer, and an Au mirror underneath the Au sensing layer that contribute to achieving a high performance. The optical response of the heterostructure was studied by numerical simulation. The results corresponding to one of the collective modes showed high sensitivity values ranging from 99 to 395 nm/RIU for relatively thin layers of test materials within 50 and 200 nm. In addition, the figure of merit of the sensor detecting slight changes of the refractive index of a water medium at a fixed wavelength was as high as 199 RIU􀀀1. As an experimental proof of concept, the heterostructure was manufactured by a simple method based on electron beam lithography and the measured optical response reproduces the simulations. This work paves the way for improving both the sensitivity of plasmonic sensors and the signal of some enhanced surface spectroscopies.
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It is part of: Nanomaterials, 2021, vol. 11, num. 5, p. 1217
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ISSN: 2079-4991
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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