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Title: Determination of bioactive compounds in sequential extracts of chia leaf (Salvia hispanica L.) using UHPLC-HRMS (Q-Orbitrap) and a global evaluation of antioxidant in vitro capacity
Author: Zúñiga López, María Carolina
Maturana, Gabriela
Campmajó Galván, Guillem
Saurina, Javier
Núñez Burcio, Oscar
Keywords: Polifenols
Compostos bioactius
Bioactive compounds
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Consumers' interest in foods that are nutritionally balanced and with health benefits has increased. The food industry is paying attention to the use of the ancestral seed Salvia hispanica L., commonly known as chia. At present, only the chia seeds, which are a natural source of omega-3 and omega-6, fiber, proteins, and natural antioxidants, are commercialized. Although some studies reveal the presence of several bioactive compounds like polyphenols (e.g., vitexin, orientin, and some hydroxycinnamic acids) in chia leaf methanolic extracts, the chia plant is commonly used as fertilizer or treated as waste after harvest. Therefore, it can represent a by-product that could be considered a great source of bioactive compounds with unexplored potential in medicine and food industry applications. In this work, UHPLC-HRMS (Q-Orbitrap) was employed to tentatively identify and determine bioactive compounds present in different leaf extracts of chia plants of black and white seed phenotype obtained with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, ethyl acetate, dichloromethane, and hexane) to address chia plant by-product revalorization. The chemical antioxidant capacity was also studied and correlated to the found bioactive compounds. In these experiments, black chia showed a higher antioxidant capacity than white chia in the ethanolic extracts. Moreover, experiments on cellular antioxidant activity were also performed with a predominance of the white chia extract. It is noted that the cellular antioxidant activity results make chia ethanolic extracts promising antioxidants.
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It is part of: Antioxidants, 2021, vol. 10, num. 7, p. 1151-1-1151-15
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ISSN: 2076-3921
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA·UB))

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