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Title: Alkaloids Analysis of Habranthus cardenasianus (Amaryllidaceae), Anti-Cholinesterase Activity and Biomass Production by Propagation Strategies
Author: Zaragoza-Puchol, Daniel
Ortiz, Javier E.
Orden, Alejandro A.
Sánchez, Marianela
Palermo, Jorge
Tapia, Alejandro
Bastida Armengol, Jaume
Feresin, Gabriela E.
Keywords: Amaril·lidàcies
Compostos bioactius
Bioactive compounds
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Plants in the Amaryllidaceae family synthesize a diversity of bioactive alkaloids. Some of these plant species are not abundant and have a low natural multiplication rate. The aims of this work were the alkaloids analysis of a Habranthus cardenasianus bulbs extract, the evaluation of its inhibitory activity against cholinesterases, and to test several propagation strategies for biomass production. Eleven compounds were characterized by GC-MS in the alkaloid extract, which showed a relatively high proportion of tazettine. The known alkaloids tazettine, haemanthamine, and the epimer mixture haemanthidine/6-epi-haemanthidine were isolated and identified by spectroscopic methods. Inhibitory cholinesterases activity was not detected. Three forms of propagation were performed: bulb propagation from seed, cut-induced bulb division, and micropropagated bulbs. Finally, different imbibition and post-collection times were evaluated in seed germination assays. The best propagation method was cut-induced bulb division with longitudinal cuts into quarters (T1) while the best conditions for seed germination were 0-day of post-collection and two days of imbibition. The alkaloids analyses of the H. cardenasianus bulbs showed that they are a source of anti-tumoral alkaloids, especially pretazettine (tazettine) and T1 is a sustainable strategy for its propagation and domestication to produce bioactive alkaloids. Keywords: Amaryllidaceae; bioactive alkaloids; GC-MS; propagation methods; biomass production
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Molecules, 2021, vol. 26, num. 1, p. 192
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ISSN: 1420-3049
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)

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