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Title: A healthy eating score is inversely associated with depression in older adults: results from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-2017
Author: Lanuza, Fabian
Petermann-Rocha, Fanny
Celis-Morales, Carlos
Concha-Cisternas, Yeny
Nazar, Gabriela
Troncoso-Pantoja, Claudia
Lassere-Laso, Nicole
Martínez-Sanguinetti, María Adela
Parra-Soto, Solange
Zamora-Ros, Raul
Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina
Meroño, Tomás
Keywords: Nutrició
Depressió psíquica
Mental depression
Issue Date: 13-Dec-2021
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Abstract: Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationship of a healthy eating score with depression in Chilean older adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Older adults from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-2017. Associations were analysed using complex samples multivariable logistic regressions adjusted for age, sex, socio-demographic, lifestyles (physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and sleep duration), BMI and clinical conditions (hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia and cardiovascular diseases). Participants: The number of participants was 2031 (≥ 60 years). The Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form was applied to establish the diagnosis of major depressive episode. Six healthy eating habits were considered to produce the healthy eating score (range: 0-12): consumption of seafood, whole grain, dairy, fruits, vegetables and legumes. Participants were categorised according to their final scores as healthy (≥ 9), average (5-8) and unhealthy (≤ 4). Results: Participants with a healthy score had a higher educational level, physical activity and regular sleep hours than participants with an average and unhealthiest healthy eating score. Participants classified in the healthiest healthy eating score had an inverse association with depression (OR: 0·28, (95 % CI 0·10, 0·74)). Food items that contributed the most to this association were legumes (15·2 %) and seafood (12·7 %). Conclusion: Older adults classified in the healthiest healthy eating score, characterised by a high consumption of legumes and seafood, showed a lower risk for depression in a representative sample of Chilean population.
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It is part of: Public Health Nutrition, 2021
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ISSN: 1368-9800
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)

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