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Title: Parallel evolution of amphioxus and vertebrate small-scale gene duplications
Author: Braso-Vives, Marina
Marletaz, Ferdinand
Echchiki, Amina
Mantica, Federica
Acemel, Rafael D.
Gomez-Skarmeta, Jose L
Hartasánchez, Diego A.
Targa, Lorlane L.
Pontarotti, Pierre
Tena, Juan J.
Maeso, Ignacio
Escriva, Hector
Irimia, Manuel
Robinson-Rechavi, Marc
Keywords: Amfiox
Branchiostoma lanceolatum
Issue Date: 18-Nov-2022
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: Amphioxus are non-vertebrate chordates characterized by a slow morphological and molecular evolution. They share the basic chordate body-plan and genome organization with vertebrates but lack their 2R whole-genome duplications and their developmental complexity. For these reasons, amphioxus are frequently used as an outgroup to study vertebrate genome evolution and Evo-Devo. Aside from whole-genome duplications, genes continuously duplicate on a smaller scale. Smallscale duplicated genes can be found in both amphioxus and vertebrate genomes, while only the vertebrate genomes have duplicated genes product of their 2R wholegenome duplications. Here, we explore the history of small-scale gene duplications in the amphioxus lineage and compare it to small- and large-scale gene duplication history in vertebrates. Results: We present a study of the European amphioxus (Branchiostoma lanceolatum) gene duplications thanks to a new, high-quality genome reference. We fnd that, despite its overall slow molecular evolution, the amphioxus lineage has had a history of small-scale duplications similar to the one observed in vertebrates. We fnd parallel gene duplication profles between amphioxus and vertebrates and conserved func‑tional constraints in gene duplication. Moreover, amphioxus gene duplicates show lev‑ els of expression and patterns of functional specialization similar to the ones observed in vertebrate duplicated genes. We also fnd strong conservation of gene synteny between two distant amphioxus species, B. lanceolatum and B. foridae, with two major chromosomal rearrangements. Conclusions: In contrast to their slower molecular and morphological evolution, amphioxus' small-scale gene duplication history resembles that of the vertebrate line‑age both in quantitative and in functional terms.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:‑022‑02808‑6
It is part of: Genome Biology, 2022, vol. 23
Related resource:‑022‑02808‑6
ISSN: 1474-7596
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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