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Title: Land Use Patterns in Central Asia. Step 1: The Musical Chairs Model
Author: Angourakis, Andreas
Rondelli, Bernardo
Stride, Sebastian
Rubio, Xavier
Balbo, Andrea L.
Torrano, Alexis
Martínez Ferreras, Verónica
Madella, Marco
Gurt, Josep M. (Josep Maria), 1951-
Keywords: Pasturatge
Ús del sòl
Sistemes multiagent
Àsia central
Land use
Multiagent systems
Central Asia
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Herding and farming coexisted in Central Asia for several thousand years as main options of preindustrial economic production. The relationship between people practicing different variants of these modes of subsistence is known to have been dynamic. Among the many possible explanations, we explore this dynamic by modeling mechanisms that connect aggregate decisions to land use patterns. Within the framework of the SimulPast project, we show here the results from step 1 of our modeling program: the Musical Chairs Model. This abstract agent-based model describes a mechanism of competition for land use between farming and herding. The aim is the exploration of how mobility, intensity, and interdependence of activities can influence land use pattern. After performing a set of experiments within the framework of this model, we compare the implications of each condition for the corroboration of specific land use patterns. Some historical and archaeological implications are also discussed. We suggest that the overall extension of farming in oases can be explained by the competition for land use between farming and herding, assuming that it develops with little or no interference of climatic, geographical, and historical contingencies.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 2014, vol. 21, p. 405-425
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ISSN: 1072-5369
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història i Arqueologia)

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