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Title: Are herpes virus associated to aggressive periodontitis? A review of literature
Author: Sousa Rodrigues, Patricia Maria de
Teixeira, Ana Luísa
Chimenos Küstner, Eduardo
Medeiros, Rui
Keywords: Periodontitis
Malalties periodontals
Periodontal disease
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
Abstract: Periodontal Disease includes a wide variety of infectious entities with various clinical manifestations in the oral cavity and responses to treatment. The determinants of clinical manifestations of periodontal disease include the type of infectious agent, the host immune response and environmental factors. Aggressive periodontitis (AP) is de ned as a type of in ammation with speci c clinical and laboratory features, which distinguish it from other types of periodontitis, with high incidence rates in a sub-group of individuals. Bacteria have been frequently mentioned as the agent inciting gingival in ammation and tissue destruction that underlies the pathogenesis of periodontitis. However, recent studies, with some controversial results, have suggested that the herpes family of viruses, including CMV and EBV-1 as well as papillomaviruses, HIV, Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1, Torquetenovirus and hepatitis B and C occur with high frequency in active periodontal lesions. There is a lack of information about this disease and the role of herpesviruses in its pathophysiology. This review provides a critical analysis of the scienti c evidence linking bacteria and viruses with AP and their potential impact on clinical characteristics, prognosis and therapy.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, 2015, vol. 19, num. 3, p. 348-355
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ISSN: 0973-029X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontoestomatologia)

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