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Title: Phytohormone Profiling method for rice: effects of GA20ox mutation on the gibberellin content of japonica rice varieties
Author: López Cristoffanini, Camilo Alonso
Serrat Gurrera, Xavier
Jáuregui Pallarés, Olga
Nogués Mestres, Salvador
López Carbonell, Marta
Keywords: Arròs
Biotecnologia alimentària
Food biotechnology
Issue Date: 7-Jun-2019
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Gibberellins (GAs) are a very important group of phytohormones involved in seed germination, vegetative growth, flowering, and fruit development, being only 4 of the 136 known bioactives: GA1, GA3, GA4 and GA7. It has been evidenced that mutations in the OsGA20ox-2 gene produce rice (Oryza sativa) dwarf varieties, which were one of the main pillars of the green revolution. In this work two main objectives were proposed: (i) develop a rapid and broad phytohormone profiling method and (ii) to study the effects on the GA content of the GA20ox-2 mutation in several rice developmental stages using three varieties (tall variety, elite variety, mutated variety). A phytohormone extraction using an SPE step and HPLC-MS/MS detection using a QqQ instrument was determined which resulted in limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) for GAs that varied between 0.1-0.7 and 0.3-2.3 pg/g of rice sample respectively, allowing highly sensitive phytohormones detection in samples. Moreover, a good reproducibility was obtained for the GAs as relative standard deviations (RSD) for a 40 ng/mL pattern varied between 0.3-0.9%. Notoriously, GA1 was absent in the coleoptile and GA4 was the GA with higher content in the majority of developmental stages. We also observed a huge large content increment increase of the 4 bioactive GAs in the internode of the flag leaf of the mutated variety that allowinged it to attain reach the same height as the elite variety. Therefore, we provide a rapid and broad phytohormonal profiling method and evidence that the GA20ox-2 mutation is not the only factor generating dwarf varieties. To our knowledge, this is the first study that it has been reported such a high number of analyzed gibberellins at the same time in rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica)Oryza sativa japonica).
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2019, vol. 10, p. 733-000
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ISSN: 1664-462X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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