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Title: Parity violation in Aharonov-Bohm systems: The spontaneous Hall effect
Author: Emparan García de Salazar, Roberto A.
Valle Basagoiti, M. A.
Keywords: Efecte Hall
Conductivitat elèctrica
Matèria condensada
Hall effect
Electric conductivity
Condensed matter
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Abstract: We show how macroscopic manifestations of P (and T) symmetry breaking can arise in a simple system subject to Aharonov-Bohm interactions. Specifically, we study the conductivity of a gas of charged particles moving through a dilute array of flux tubes. The interaction of the electrons with the flux tubes is taken to be of a purely Aharonov-Bohm type. We find that the system exhibits a nonzero transverse conductivity, i.e., a spontaneous Hall effect. This is in contrast to the fact that the cross sections for both scattering and bremsstrahlung (soft-photon emission) of a single electron from a flux tube are invariant under reflections. We argue that the asymmetry in the conductivity coefficients arises from many-body effects. On the other hand, the transverse conductivity has the same dependence on universal constants that appears in the quantum Hall effect, a result that we relate to the validity of the mean-field approximation.
Note: Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i
It is part of: Physical Review B, 1994, vol. 49, núm. 20, p. 14460-14465
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ISSN: 0163-1829
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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