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Title: Dietary patterns and Cardiovascular risk factors in spanish adolescents: A cross-sectional analysis of the SI! program for health promotion in secondary schools
Author: Bodega, Patricia
Fernández Alvira, Juan Miguel
Santos-Beneit, Gloria
Cos Gandoy, Amaya de
Fernández Jiménez, Rodrigo
Moreno, Luis Alberto
Miguel, Mercedes de
Carral, Vanesa
Orrit, Xavier
Carvajal, Isabel
Storniolo, Carolina Emilia
Tresserra i Rimbau, Anna
Doménech, Mónica
Estruch Riba, Ramon
Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.
Fuster, Valentín
Keywords: Adolescents
Sistema cardiovascular
Cardiovascular system
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Previous studies on the association between dietary habits and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in adolescents have generated conflicting results. The aim of this study was to describe dietary patterns (DP) in a large sample of Spanish adolescents and to assess their cross-sectional relationship with CVRF. In total, 1324 adolescents aged 12.5 ± 0.4 years (51.6% boys) from 24 secondary schools completed a self-reported food frequency questionnaire. DPs were derived by cluster analysis and principal component analysis (PCA). Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, lipid profile, and glucose levels were assessed. Linear mixed models were applied to estimate the association between DPs and CVRF. Three DP-related clusters were obtained: Processed (29.2%); Traditional (39.1%); and Healthy (31.7%). Analogous patterns were obtained in the PCA. No overall differences in CVRF were observed between clusters except for z-BMI values, total cholesterol, and non-HDL cholesterol, with the Processed cluster showing the lowest mean values. However, differences were small. In conclusion, the overall association between DPs, as assessed by two different methods, and most analyzed CVRF was weak and not clinically relevant in a large sample of adolescents. Prospective analysis may help to disentangle the direction of these associations. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, num. 10, p. 2297
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA·UB))
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)

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