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Title: Comparative metabolitefingerprinting of legumes using LC-MS-baseduntargeted metabolomics
Author: Llorach, Rafael
Favari, Claudia
Alonso, David
Garcia Aloy, Mar
Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina
Urpí Sardà, Mireia
Keywords: Llegums
Química dels aliments
Espectrometria de masses
Control de qualitat dels aliments
Food composition
Mass spectrometry
Botanical chemistry
Food quality control
Issue Date: 11-Sep-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Legumes are a well-known source of phytochemicals and are commonly believed to have similar composition between different genera. To date, there are no studies evaluating changes in legumes to discover those compounds that help to discriminate for food quality and authenticity. The aim of this work was to characterize and make a comparative analysis of the composition of bioactive compounds between Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea), Lens culinaris L. (lentil) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. (white bean) through an LC-MS-Orbitrap metabolomic approach to establish which compounds discriminate between the three studied legumes. Untargeted metabolomic analysis was carried out by LC-MS-Orbitrap from extracts of freeze-dried legumes prepared from pre-cooked canned legumes. The metabolomic data treatment and statistical analysis were realized by using MAIT R's package, and final identification and characterization was done using MSn experiments. Fold-change evaluation was made through Metaboanalyst 4.0. Results showed 43 identified and characterized compounds displaying differences between the three legumes. Polyphenols, mainly flavonol and flavanol compounds, were the main group with 30 identified compounds, followed by α-galactosides (n = 5). Fatty acyls, prenol lipids, a nucleoside and organic compounds were also characterized. The fold-change analysis showed flavanols as the wider class of discriminative compounds of lentils compared to the other legumes; prenol lipids and eucomic acids were the most discriminative compounds of beans versus other legumes and several phenolic acids (such as primeveroside salycilic), kaempferol derivatives, coumesterol and α-galactosides were the most discriminative compounds of chickpeas. This study highlights the applicability of metabolomics for evaluating which are the characteristic compounds of the different legumes. In addition, it describes the future application of metabolomics as tool for the quality control of foods and authentication of different kinds of legumes.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Food Research International, 2019, vol. 126
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ISSN: 0963-9969
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA·UB))

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