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Title: Phase separation of self-propelled disks with ferromagnetic and nematic alignment
Author: Sese-Sansa, Elena
Levis, Demian
Pagonabarraga Mora, Ignacio
Keywords: Ferromagnetisme
Mecànica estadística del no equilibri
Equació de Fokker-Planck
Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics
Fokker-Planck equation
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2021
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: We present a comprehensive study of a model system of repulsive self-propelled disks in two dimensions with ferromagnetic and nematic velocity alignment interactions. We characterize the phase behavior of the system as a function of the alignment and self-propulsion strength, featuring orientational order for strong alignment and motility-induced phase separation (MIPS) at moderate alignment but high enough self-propulsion. We derive a microscopic theory for these systems yielding a closed set of hydrodynamic equations from which we perform a linear stability analysis of the homogenous disordered state. This analysis predicts MIPS in the presence of aligning torques. The nature of the continuum theory allows for an explicit quantitative comparison with particle-based simulations, which consistently shows that ferromagnetic alignment fosters phase separation, while nematic alignment does not alter either the nature or the location of the instability responsible for it. In the ferromagnetic case, such behavior is due to an increase of the imbalance of the number of particle collisions along different orientations, giving rise to the self-trapping of particles along their self-propulsion direction. On the contrary, the anisotropy of the pair correlation function, which encodes this self-trapping effect, is not significantly affected by nematic torques. Our work shows the predictive power of such microscopic theories to describe complex active matter systems with different interaction symmetries and sheds light on the impact of velocity-alignment interactions in motility-induced phase separation.
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It is part of: Physical Review e, 2021, vol. 104, p. 054611
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ISSN: 2470-0045
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Sistemes Complexos (UBICS))

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