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Title: Clinical Efficacy of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Bone Regeneration in Oral Implantology. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Author: Egido-Moreno, Sonia
Valls Roca-Umbert, Joan
Céspedes Sánchez, Juan Manuel
López López, José, 1958-
Velasco Ortega, Eugenio
Keywords: Regeneració (Biologia)
Implants dentals
Cèl·lules mare
Regeneration (Biology)
Dental implants
Stem cells
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: In bone regeneration, obtaining a vital bone as similar as possible to native bone is sought. This review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of stem cells in maxillary bone regeneration for implant rehabilitation and to review the different techniques for obtaining and processing these cells. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using the Pubmed/Medline (NCBI), Cochrane, Scielo, and Scopus databases, without restriction on the publication date. The following Mesh terms were used, combined by the Boolean operator "AND": "dental implants" AND "stem cells" AND "bioengineering". Applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, five articles were obtained and three were added after manual search. The results from the meta-analysis (18 patients) did not provide significant differences despite the percentage of bone formed in the maxillary sinus, favoring the stem cell group, and the analysis of the percentage of residual Bio-Oss(R) showed results favoring the control group. Stem cell regeneration usually shows positive vascular and viable bone formation. In conclusion, using mesenchymal stem cells in bone regeneration provides benefits in the quality of bone, similar or even superior to autologous bone, all this through a minimally invasive procedure.
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It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, vol. 18, num. 3
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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