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Title: Smouldering combustion dynamics of a soil from a Pinus halepensis Mill. forest. A case study of the Rocallaura fires in Northeastern Spain
Author: Xifré Salvadó, Miquel Àngel
Prat Guitart, Núria
Francos, Marcos
Úbeda, Xavier
Castellnou, Marc
Keywords: Combustió
Incendis forestals
Forest fires
Biotic communities
Issue Date: 16-May-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: This study analyses the smouldering combustion on soils that took place during the wildfires that occurred in Rocallaura (Northeastern Spain). The smouldering combustion after the first event, 23 June, was the potential source of flaming fire re-ignition of the second event, 19 July 2016. Re-ignitions are an important challenge for the firefighting system. Budget and e orts are spent on controlling these re-ignitions that can ultimately cause the collapse of the response system if the re-ignitions happen during periods of simultaneous fire events. Our objective is to contribute to better understand the dynamics of the smouldering combustion of organic soils associated with these wildfires and the impact on the Pinus halepensis Mill. forest ecosystem. Transects were established in adjacent control and post-fire zones. Laboratory analyses were conducted to determine some physical and chemical properties of both the du and mineral soil. Using these variables, we estimate thresholds of du ignition probability, percentage of du consumption and smouldering combustion spread rates. Overall, we provide a set of tools for evaluating re-ignitions in forest ecosystems. We conclude that the concept of fire persistence should be a new variable for consideration in present and future analysis of fire regimes and demonstrates the significance of introducing smouldering combustion and re-ignition within the strategic framework of the wildfire hazard and integrating these phenomena into forest planning and management.
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It is part of: Applied Sciences, 2020, vol. 10, num. 10
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ISSN: 2076-3417
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Geografia)

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